Latest Briefing in Climate, water and energy for 2014

Spring Barley

Integrated Disease Management in Spring Barley

Intergrated Disease Management (IDM) could help greatly reduce the volume of crops lost to disease in Scotland, contributing to our future food security. It works by integrating plant resistance, fungicides, cultural methods such as appropriate use of fertilisers, and newer, innovative approaches, to provide effective and sustainable disease control.

In Scotland, barley is the second most important crop after grass, with nearly 300,000 ha grown in 2012, with a net value of £315 million. Diseases represent a major constraint to barley production globally, despite considerable effort to control the pathogens responsible. The ability of pathogens to overcome host resistance, development of pathogen insensitivity to fungicides, and the increasing importance of pathogens thought previously to be of minor significance, means that diseases will continue to pose a threat to global barley production.

These constraints, coupled with increasing legislation aimed at protecting the environment, have led to increased efforts to find more sustainable approaches to disease control. Such approaches clearly need to balance protecting the crop from threats such as diseases, pests and weeds, with the need to minimise environmental damage, and requires an integrated approach to crop protection.

IDM represents such an approach and is a continuously improving process in which innovative solutions are integrated and adapted locally by growers. By offering a broad spectrum, integrated approach to disease control, IDM will contribute to reducing reliance on pesticides in agricultural systems.

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Published on 16 December 2014 in Climate, water and energy , Ecosystems and biodiversity , Food, health and wellbeing

Briefings in Climate, water and energy for 2014

The Impact of Animal Health Status on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Livestock

Ruminant livestock production is a key contributor to the rural and national economy of Scotland, as well as the world-renowned Scottish Food and Drink industry. Read more

Published on 8 July 2014 in Climate, water and energy , Food, health and wellbeing

The Journey from Genes to Plant Traits Reveal a Flexible Response to a Changing Environment

To address the challenges brought about by the impact of climate change and our increasing reliability on plant based food, fuel and materials, requires an understanding of molecular processes that underlie crop responses to environmental stresses. Read more

Published on 1 May 2014 in Climate, water and energy , Food, health and wellbeing

Flood Inundation Modelling and Visualization: Application for Natural Flood Management

Natural Flood Management (NFM) is generally defined as the alteration, enhancement, restoration or utilisation of natural landscape features and characteristics as a way of reducing flood risk. Read more

Published on 24 February 2014 in Climate, water and energy

Biofuels from Cereal Straw

Sustainably produced second generation bio-fuels (and associated co-products) from cereal straw could lead to reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, contribute to national energy security and lead to growth and jobs, particularly in the agricultural and renewable energies sector. Read more

Published on 29 January 2014 in Climate, water and energy

Breeding For Climate Change: Future-Proofing The Scottish Potato Industry

The ability to adapt potato to withstand multiple pest, pathogens and environmental stresses is critical to its future growth as a major food source. Read more

Published on 27 January 2014 in Sustainability and Communities , Climate, water and energy , Food, health and wellbeing